THE HISTORY OF HONEY

The bees had been keeping their existence independently on earth for 40-50 mllion years ; so that even the people discovered their miraculous nourishment source-honey 40.000 years before.

However we understand that, for mankind to benefit seriously from honey, a long time must pass, and first commercial honey collecting had started about B.C. 7000, through the wall drawings in The Cave LaAranas in Valensia. By starting of settled life system and working on farming, with this wish of producing honey which they had taken alot of risks to collect, the manking started to produce bee-hives. In about B.C. 6000s they constituted the innovation of apiculture by hanging the hives up on the hollowed inside trunks, in some special pots made from clayey soil or in baskets knitted from rush and straw according to the local life.

The Tears of Ra on Earth
By the time in many society, honey, which has been assumed as a source of not only sugar need, but also health, beauty and ricness source, we encounter the best examples of exalting honey about B.C. 3200 from the Egyptian hieroglyphes : The bee symbol represented the pharaohs and the honey assummed as the tears of Ra on earth. Because honey was loved this much, the employees usually had to bring honey from Syria and Greece. In the era of II. Ramses some amount of the employees' slaries were paid by honey, and honey was a very important currency. A donkey or a cow was bought easily in return of 1 jar of honey.

Recently, it shows that the first examples of traveler apiculture were in about that era. The apiarists transported the hives on skiffs from one shore to another and then set them free and so they supported to increase the yield in gardens and fields at the same time.

The Prescription of Hipokrat
In Greek mythology, the bees assumed as they were the birds of Moses (source of inspiration) and the messengers of Gods. Besides, one of the names of the Main God Zeus, was "The King of The Bees".

Honey was assumed as the source of learnedness and creativity. In many beauty and health prescriptions, honey was at the top and it also located at the top of the prescriptions against high fever, wounds, oedemas and inflammations by Hipokrat (B.C. 466-377). The first researches and arrangements about apiculture materialized in archaic Greece on about B.C.600 , and famous thinker Aristoteles (B.C. 384-322) wrote his first book which would create a liretature about apicultur.

Honey : Sign of Richness
In Romans, apiculture knowledge began to assumed as general culture and many scientists and historians also worked on it. Just to observe and solve the behaviours of the bees, they made hives with windows. Those days, at least one slave of every Romans who were well-off was engaged with apiculture and each one had colonies in big sizes. It was a very important sign of richness for people to have hives. The physicians suggested firstly honey agains over 50 different sickness like as high fever, impotence, wounds and stress.

In The Middle Age, Roman-Germen Emperor I. Karl, forced all of his feodal lords to have a bee-keeper and Met (honey wine) producer. Same time, he borught many law and applications to save the hives. The most important of all, anyone who committed theft would be burnt lively in an open field. Because in that era, there were no other sweety except honey and the most important material to make candles was wax.

In Anatolia, we encounter the apiculture knowledge in about B.C.1300, in the Hittite inscriptions which in Bogazkoy. The Hittites, especially in builging structures, sanctified the structures by pouring honey on its stones. Besides, through this process, it was believed to be saved from the wickedness.


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